What Are the Risks Of Foot Or Ankle Surgery?

Every surgical procedure has a mix of benefits and risks dependent on your personal circumstances. While there are no guarantees of success, possible benefits include pain relief, restored mobility, and improved quality of life.

Any of the below could occur during or after surgery, and may require medical attention (such as further surgery) and possible implant removal. Consult with your surgeon for risks specific to your procedure and medical devices. If you suspect any of these conditions, speak to your doctor immediately.

  • Infection
  • Severe swelling or pain in the calf
  • Excessive amounts of blood on the dressing
  • Redness
  • Toes, foot, and/or ankle becomes cold or turns pale
  • Blue or white toes or toenail beds
  • Foul odor from your surgical site
  • Fever above 102 degrees (check your temperature daily)
  • Severe pain that is not relieved with pain medication
  • Although rare, metal-allergy reactions from the implants have been reported. Inform your doctor if you have any allergy symptoms.
  • Dislocation can result from improper positioning of the implants
  • Implants can loosen, break, wear out or move; these incidents are typically associated with increased pain and decreased ability to move
  • Cardiovascular disorders associated with the use of bone cement include blood clots, decreased blood pressure, heart attack, and in rare instances, death
  • Talk to your doctor about risks of anesthesia
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Talk to your surgeon about whether joint replacement or another treatment is right for you and the risks of the procedure, including the risk of implant wear, loosening or failure, and pain, swelling and infection. Zimmer Biomet does not practice medicine; only a surgeon can answer your questions regarding your individual symptoms, diagnosis and treatment.